Puerto Rico Wildlife & Marine Life
Puerto Rico wildlife
Puerto Rico wildlife has sadly suffered from deforestation, development and population growth, so there are few land based creatures on the island.
There are 16 species of the Coqui frog, the national (unofficial) symbol of the country, and the El Yunque National Forest is home to 13 species of these tiny tree frogs. There is the Puerto Rican boa, which reaches 7ft long, as well as iguanas, lizards, worm lizards, turtles, mongooses, bats, crab spiders, and caimen (small crocodiles). There are some monkeys – escaped from captivity though. On the island of Vieques (seven miles off the coast of Puerto Rico) you will find Paso Fino horses roaming free.
Birds in Puerto Rico
Around 359 bird species have been recorded in Puerto Rico, although nearly half of have been seen very rarely. The Puerto Rican parrot is endangered, and there are five species of hummingbirds that are native to Puerto Rico. To give you an idea of the birds you will find… there are grebes, boobies, shearwaters and petrels, tropicbirds, frigatebirds, cormorants and pelicans; also present are bitterns, herons, egrets, pelicans, flamingos, and a many ducks – including the West Indian whistling duck. Others are: osprey, hawks and falcons, oystercatchers, lapwings, plovers, sandpipers, terns, nightjars, woodpeckers, bananaquit, and barn swallows… and more of course. To find out more about birds in the Caribbean region generally, go to the Caribbean Birdwatching & Birds page in the Caribbean Leisure Activities section.
Puerto Rico marine life
To name just some of the marine life you can expect to see in the waters of Puerto Rico, there are West Indian Manatees, whales, dolphins, sea turtles, eagle rays, nurse sharks, lobsters, barracuda, hawkfish, triggerfish, grunts, chromis, and lots of reef fish. There are jacks, mackerels, schoolmasters, black durgeons, creole wrasse, slipper lobsters, striped parrotfish, hogfish, queen angelfish, butterflyfish, horse-eye jacks, nurse sharks, mahi mahi, blue marlin, flying gurnards, and sea horses.
Caribbean wildlife books
If Caribbean wildlife in general, as well as Puerto Rico wildlife, is of interest to you, you will probably enjoy our Caribbean Book Reviews section as we have reviewed several Caribbean wildlife books.
Discover Puerto Rico
Explore Puerto Rico… ♥ the Caribbean
Images on this Puerto Rico Wildlife & Marine Life page are copyright of Puerto Rico Tourism Company, IAGTO-Dorado Beach (accommodation), www.linda-jackson.co.uk (wildlife)