St Lucia wildlife marine life fauna birds animals

St Lucia Wildlife & Marine Life

On this page discover St Lucia wildlife and marine life in and around the island…
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St Lucia wildlife

There is a surprising variety of endemic St Lucia wildlife. The agouti is present on the island, it’s a member of the rodent family, and there are mongooses, opossum, bats and feral pigs.

St Lucia snakes & rare lizards

There are four different snakes on the island but you will very rarely see any – there is the Worm Snake (only about 6 inches long), the fer de lance (the St Lucia lance head, a viper), the St Lucia Racer, and the St Lucia Boa Constrictor (ranging from less than 2ft long to 14ft long) – it is not poisonous, is quite harmless but hisses if provoked. The two small islands, Maria Major and Maria Minor, off the coast (by Vieux Fort) are now a nature reserve and home to the St Lucia Racer snake and the St Lucia Whiptail lizard (Zandoli Terre), a ground lizard which was unknown until l1958. It is one of the rarest lizards in the world.

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Tree lizards and geckos

There are three different species of tree lizards in St Lucia and two different iguanas – they can grow as long as 6ft, half this length being in its tail. Although often seen strutting along the ground they are tree dwellers. Of course there are the geckos – generally nocturanal and transparent, so you don’t have to guess what they’ve eaten! You’ll probably see them in the St Lucia hotel where you’re staying, often in rooms… they are harmless and eat creepy-crawlies.

St Lucia birds

Bird species in St Lucia number around 170 and, it is thought, possibly five endemic birds (St Lucia parrot, Pewee, Oriole, Black Finch and St Lucia Warbler). St Lucia bird species include the house wren, Brown Noddy, Sooty Tern, red-billed Tropicbird, White Breasted Thrasher, Rufous Nightjars, green heron, heron (yellow-crowned night, great blue), Mangrove Cuckoo, osprey, Black-faced Grassquit, Bananaquit, American Kestrel, Egret (cattle, egret, snowy egret, great egret), Brown Booby, Blue-winged Teal, Spotted Sandpiper, Moorhen, Broad-winged Hawk, Pigeon (Scaly-necked, Rock), Grey Trembler, Antillean Crested Hummingbird, Carib (green-throated, purple-throated), Tropical Mockingbird, Grey Kingbird, Caribbean Elaenia, Thrush, Lesser Antillean Bullfinch and Saltator, Shiny Cowbird, St Lucia Black finch, Frigate Bird.

You might be lucky to spot the island’s national bird and only parrot, the green-blue-red coloured St Lucia parrot – the population of which has increased in recent years due to the introduction of conservation measures. Locally the St Lucia parrot is called the Jacquot. A small island off St Lucia, aptly named Frigate Island, is used by the frigate bird which migrate from Africa to nest in St Lucia. Unfortunately in recent years the number of frigate birds nesting there has dropped dramatically. To find out more about birds in the region generally, go to the Caribbean Birdwatching & Birds page in the Caribbean Leisure Activities section.

St Lucia marine life

If you’re scuba diving in the waters around St Lucia here is an idea of some of the marine life you might see – sea horses, turtles, angel fish, triggerfish, great barracuda, flying gurnard, trumpet fish, parrot fish, scorpion fish, jacks, puffers, grouper, snapper, nurse sharks, lobsters, golden spotted eels, Moray eels, eagle rays, stingrays, whales…

Caribbean wildlife books

If Caribbean wildlife in general, as well as St Lucia wildlife, is of interest to you, you will probably enjoy our Caribbean Book Reviews section as we have reviewed several Caribbean wildlife books.


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St Lucia adventure activities travel guide
St Lucia adventure activities travel guide
St Lucia adventure activities travel guide
St Lucia adventure activities travel guide
St Lucia adventure activities travel guide
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